A MAN FINDS HIMSELF on the top step of a step ladder; a woman removes the guard to her machine; a worker is not wearing her safety glasses in the plant; a roustabout uses the wrong sized clamp instead of retrieving the right tool from the supply truck; a supervisor teaches a new worker to take short cuts; a mechanic climbs on top of the active machine to find the oil leak.  Why do these folks do these things?  Is it because they are stupid?

One tendency is to blame workers for safety errors and label their personal failings as the cause of the error. Labeling does not solve problems that cause error and, frankly, it may all be an illusion of human perception leading us to false conclusions. Our human tendencies result in interactions that hurt the safety of our workers and the effectiveness of the systems we put in place to protect them.  

Learn a better way to analyze the behaviors of your employees to understand how they were put in a position to take the risk in the first place.


Access over 30 years of research in behavioral science applied to safety through one of Dr. Ludwig's books.  His story-filled lessons are relevant to all.  Also available in AudioBooks for road warriors.


The long-awaited and newly released book

by Dr. Ludwig:

that kill your Safety Culture (and what to do about them)

Find more information on other books written by Dr. Ludwig by visiting the Contact page HERE. Sign up for the blogs and to stay up to date on books and publications from

Dysfunctional Practices